Право та психологія (LPS-2013). – 2013 р.

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Матеріали І Міжнародної конференції молодих вчених LPS-2013

У збірнику опубліковано матеріали конференції, присвяченої проблемам у галузі права, психології, журналістики та масових комунікацій. Видання призначено для науковців, аспірантів, студентів.

Право та психологія : матеріали І Міжнародної конференції молодих вчених LPS-2013, 21–23 листопада 2013 року, Україна, Львів / Міністерство освіти і науки, молоді та спорту України, Національний університет "Львівська політехніка". – Львів : Видавництво Львівської політехніки, 2013. – 88 с. : іл. – (4-й Міжнародний молодіжний фестиваль науки "Litteris et Artibus"). – Паралельний титульний аркуш англійською.


Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 20 of 37
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    Специфіка навчальної мотивації дітей сільських шкіл
    (Видавництво Львівської політехніки, 2013) Мищишин, Марія; Кравчук, Олена
    The work deals with psychological and pedagogical phenomena of learning motivation and its importance in rural school. The main differences in the formation of learning motivation of children in rural and urban schools are defined. For this purpose, the impact of socio-cultural environment and living conditions on the formation of the individual student is determined and its fundamental role in the formation of learning motivation is considered. The motivational sphere of the students is analyzed. There is represented the pilot study of learning motivation among the students of Lviv Polytechnic National University. The prospects of further studies on this subject are revealed.
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    Парадигма національного упередження
    (Видавництво Львівської політехніки, 2013) Чорна, Марія; Швед, Ольга
    Material is devoted to the problem of racial prejudices. The notion of prejudices is given. The origins of racial prejudices and discrimination are analized. The results of latest Ukrainian researches of the topic are presented. They pointed to the worsening of attitudes of Ukrainians to the people of other nationalities. Most low level of tolerance Ukrainians have to the representatives of black race – only 22% consent of their living in Ukraine. Discussed the ways people can overcome the stereotypes and become more tolerant to the ones of other nationalities. There are bringing in the informal personal contacts, general labour and direct commonunication, realization of interdependence within worldwide community and supremacy of law.
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    Дослідження мотивації вибору професії серед студентів факультету практична психологія крізь призму статеворольової приналежності
    (Видавництво Львівської політехніки, 2013) Климентович, Ольга; Мищишин, Марія
    Thе main issues highlighted in theses are factors motivating choice of practical psychologist career and the basic problems of career choice are examined. The fundamental impact of vocation on human life is defined. The aim to study the motivational sphere of practical psychologist career through the prism of gender is taken. Gender aspect in choosing this profession is defined. The results of an experimental study that concerns motivating the career choices of practical psychologist among first-year students of the Lviv Polytechnic National University and the analysis of the survey results are illustrated. The main motivation stimulus in career choices, namely internal individually important and internal socially important motives, external positive and external negative motives are defined. The conclusions about the main results of the experimental study are done.
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    Інклюзивна освіта на периферії Львівщини: практика та тенденції розвитку
    (Видавництво Львівської політехніки, 2013) Федан, Ярослав
    The results of the expert survey which determined the effectiveness of the CEI in Lviv on the implementation of inclusive education model. The level of readiness of schools to implement inclusive education model, as would be helped humanize school relations and ensure equal access to education for all children. Investigated the main problems facing the development of inclusion on the periphery of Lviv and assessed the importance of various measures to improve the education of children – invalids. Ways effective implementation study inclusion.
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    Інстинкти як детермінанти поведінки людини в інноваційному процесі
    (Видавництво Львівської політехніки, 2013) Варунків, Леся
    Research purpose. Analysis of scientific inheritance of humanity for finding out of role of unrealized psychological mechanisms at forming of human avtomatizmiv with next development of recommendations on the productive account of instincts in innovative processes. Research novelty. Original computer express-technology is first used for mass researches for complex researches of innovative components, instincts and descriptions of reasons. By the article of research (by innovative and instinctive descriptions). The results of pilotage were witnessed expedient expedience of continuation of researches in the noted directions. Instincts manage people through emotions, not encumbering with reason, it is possible on these instincts effectively to play. To manage a man, using them as buttons on distance stand.
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    До питання про психологічне дорослішання дівчат в Україні
    (Видавництво Львівської політехніки, 2013) Широка, Анастасія
    Results of empirical research are presented. The process of becoming adult in late adolescent girls is analysed through the perspective of separation and achieving autonomy. The main focus is on the role of mother, the girl’s inner experience of her mother’s attitude towards her as she becomes more mature. Statistical and qualitative analyses of data identify five empirically distinct and phenomenologically coherent types of late adolescent girl-mother relationships during separation. It is only in the group of girls who experienced positive mother attitudes, in which emotional closeness and encouragement of autonomy are balanced, that an increase in emotional, cognitive and functional independence from the mother is correlated with positive changes in current relations, such as frequency of communication, emotional closeness, the feeling of pleasure in relations. As to the other girls, who experienced mother attitudes as controlling, infantilizing, encouraging too much autonomy or being inconsistent, the increase in independence correlates with their own or their mother’s emotional tension. So the girls in Ukraine develop true autonomy (26%), become self-sufficient (25%), stay dependent (21%), stay in the struggle for independence (16%), and develop ambivalence between self-sufficient and symbiotic position (12%).
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    Проблема дослідження еталонів як соціально-психологічних утворень при формуванні людського капіталу
    (Видавництво Львівської політехніки, 2013) Кочеткова, Наталія
    Тhe analysis of the concept “benchmark” or “standarts” in the study of human categorization process of the environment. Presents the characteristics of sociopsychological concept of the subsoil and given the difference between the concepts of stereotype and standard. Describes the role of benchmark in human capital formation. The goal is to prove the important role of standards in the regulation of our daily activities and decision-making. Theoretically proved crucial role of standards in the formation of human capital at the level of social and psychological mechanisms.
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    Валив комунікаційно-інформаційних технологій на ефективність управління навчальним закладом
    (Видавництво Львівської політехніки, 2013) Галик, Оксана
    The article deals with topical issues of modernity, which emerged with the development of society – the computerization of education. Attention is concentrated on the impact of computerization on the efficiency in secondary schools. In article describes the main functions of the head of the institution and the role of computer in management. For example, submitted a variety of software products used for designing by means of computer technology to improve the management of the institution. Submitted benefits of computer technology leader management activities and their consequences, as well as basic aspects of solving the problems that arising under the influence of need for weal information society. In article analyzed two concepts of effective management of social and educational system which explained the importance of the introduction of computer technology in the field of educational administration.
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    Теоретичні аспекти дослідження схильності людей до комп'ютерних ігор
    (Видавництво Львівської політехніки, 2013) Ліпець, Зоряна; Сазонова, Олена
    Topicality of the research is caused by the changes which have recently occurred in the field of computer technologies. There has been especially investigated pathological Internet use, so-called Internet addiction, which includes addiction to social networks, dating sites, online auctions, gaming etc. Our attention has been mainly focused on the problem of addiction to playing aggressive computer games. Scientists have not come to the unanimous decision about their harm or benefits yet. On the one hand games improve the intellect, logical thinking, attention and imagination, but on the other hand they slow down the development and can cause musculoskeletal disorders. In terms of psychological study this problem has hardly been investigated in Ukraine. Thus the objective of the research is to discover the connection between the addiction to playing aggressive computer games and factors connected with this addiction, namely aggressiveness, a feeling of loneliness and social frustration. The results of such investigations will help to understand better the reasons for the addiction and possible ways of avoiding it.
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    Джерельна база права на інформацію в Україні
    (Видавництво Львівської політехніки, 2013) Перун, Тарас
    Information legislation of Ukraine is a set of laws and regulations, by and through which the state establishes, modifies or terminates the relevant information and the law.
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    PublicATEST – програмний продукт для соціально-психологічної атестації керівника
    (Видавництво Львівської політехніки, 2013) Медвідь, Надія
    The essence of the software PublicATEST, which is designed for social-psychological estimation of a leader to develop his personality and professional work is described in the article. PublicATEST based on the author's technology of social-psychological estimation of a leader in the field of public administration. Technique is based on qualimetry factor-criterion model of evaluation and M. Lebedyk’s technique of the diagnostics of integral personality development. The tools of the technique are questionnaires "Self-appraisal of leader", "Leader by the eyes of inferior", "Leader by the eyes of colleague" and "Leader by the eyes of top management". An eventual index is an index of socialpsychological estimation, which turns out by comparing of self-appraisals of leader to the expert estimations after the only criteria of evaluation. Than less divergence is in estimations, the higher index. Technique has been tested on eight structural units of authorities during social-psychological estimation of their leaders. Feedback of all leaders demonstrated that the results of estimation contributed their personal and professional development, increased motivation, began work on the areas of improvement.
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    Професійно-значущі якості педагога як фактор навчально-виховного процесу
    (Видавництво Львівської політехніки, 2013) Алекса, Марта
    Investigated the basic classification of professionally significant qualities of the teacher. Analyzed characterization professionally significant qualities of teachers, namely the qualities of the optimal level of a map of professionally significant qualities Simon. Described the business model characteristics and personality of the teacher by Spirin. Analyzed classifications qualities by Kuzmin, Shcherbakov, Zyazyunom, Slastonin Babanskii and Klimov. Since the question of the quality of teaching is relevant at this stage, then, realizing what qualities are you, by analyzing various classifications can recognize themselves in a professional role, to assess their capabilities, advantages and disadvantages of their own activities, consciously create professionally significant qualities. This study is the basis for developing appropriate rapid diagnostic techniques.
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    Теоретичний аналіз схильності до девіантної поведінки дітей шкільного віку
    (Видавництво Львівської політехніки, 2013) Келюх, Анна; Сазонова, Олена
    We need to work hard with the problem of deviance not only in theory but also in practical aspect to at least deal with it. Relevance of the study of deviant behavior due to the fact, that through various processes, which have a place in modern society, we are faced with a crisis in all spheres of life. Herewith rapidly are filled social space deviant values, violations of a great part of the people of the existing law and morality. This problem is particularly acute stands for adolescents and young, that in the future must determine for themselves the value, priorities, ways of adapting. As Lviv, Lviv’s teens committed crimes over 100 at last year, the first month 2013 – 8 crimes. According to law enforcement, minors often delay "hot" during the theft and sale of drugs. Therefore it is necessary to organize various lectures on the ethical and juridical topics, illustrating them with specific examples from life, encourage children to think about their actions and the typical situation of the regulations, conduct awareness training for children of their place in society.
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    Особливості особистісної тривоги у курців
    (Видавництво Львівської політехніки, 2013) Банковський, Ігор; Бущак, Галина
    The problem of anxiety in people in today's society is very variable current topic. The world is a common tendency of getting rid of anxiety through cigarettes. However, in this report, this myth is not only refuted but also it is proved the relationship between smoking and anxiety levels. The aim of our study is to draw attention to relationship between smoking and anxiety personality. This topic is important, because most people do not suspect that this habit does not reduce anxiety and increase it. Our target audience – are young people who are choosing between a cigarette and a healthy lifestyle.
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    Становлення особистості спортсмена шляхом розвитку самоконтролю
    (Видавництво Львівської політехніки, 2013) Ярощук, Назар; Швед, Ольга
    Presented research project. The article offers a look at the phenomenon of self-control in the sport activity, especially Chinese martial arts, as kung fu fighting style. In pilot study plan, the fighting is used as a training of skills of self-regulation. It is assumed that such sport activiry allows the young men to develop the skills of self-control and selfregulation in the battle that they can carry out for the other spheres of their lives. As an important additional variables study will examine the fighting experience and the frequency of trainings. As a result, we expect to describe the efficiency of such sport activity as kung fu fighting.
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    Брехливість дітей у стосунках з батьками у шкільному віці
    (Видавництво Львівської політехніки, 2013) Савран, Соломія; Широка, Анастасія
    Presented research project. The article offers a look at the phenomenon of falsity as child-parent relationship. A pilot study plan, in which the material of the video scene offered to children understand the negative consequences that can have a lie in interpersonal relationships. It is assumed that educational activities using video materials will allow for the installation of impact children tell a lie. As an important additional variable study examined the features of the parent of a child. As a result, we expect to describe typical situations in relationships with parents when children tell lies, to analyze that there is a connection between the falsity of children and their perceptions of parental attitudes, to determine the effectiveness of this met hod of educational influence on children as showing scenes video the adverse effects of mendacity.
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    Покажчик авторів
    (Видавництво Львівської політехніки, 2013)
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    Singularity of fifth grade pupils anxiety
    (Видавництво Львівської політехніки, 2013) Vinarchik, Elena; Balashova, Svetlana
    Features of the correction program sent to the decline of level of anxiety of fifth grade pupils by the methods of musical therapy. Anxiety inherent to every person in varying degrees. A minor alarm operates mobilizuyusche to achieve the goal. The strong feeling of anxiety can be "emotionally crippling" and lead to despair. The purpose of this study was to assess the effectiveness of correctional programs, target programs – improving health and increasing the emotional background, due to lower levels of anxiety, which will contribute to the emotional stress, the acquisition of new means of emotional expression, as well as the development of self-consciousness and self-awareness.
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    Правова природа адміністративної відповідальності неповнолітніх
    (Видавництво Львівської політехніки, 2013) Лесько, Наталія
    Problems of institute of administrative responsibility of minors are studied, the opinions of scholars in the sphere of administrative law are analyzed, on this basis new notion of administrative responsibility of minors is suggested. Administrative responsibility of minors – application of educational measures that are applicable to minors or administrative penalties to persons aged 16 – 18 years, guilty in committing of the administrative offense. Juvenile misconducts are so called barometer which determines morality level of the society. Illegal behavior of minor often starts from deviant activities and then overgrows into administrative offences. Insufficient and inopportune relation to administrative offences of children results in formation of their feelings of impunity and permissiveness. The aim of this work is studying of problems of administrative responsibility of minors and analyzing of ways of comprehension of administrative responsibility of minors.
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    До проблеми патогенності реклами в українській пресі: причини та головні тенденції
    (Видавництво Львівської політехніки, 2013) Кіца, Мар'яна
    The article deals with the phenomenon of pathogenic advertising in print newspapers of Ukraine, analyzes its causes, including imperfect legislation, lack of social control and related social organizations to protect the rights of readership. It is explained the necessity of amendings in the Law of Ukraine "On Advertising ", which would be impossible in the presence of pathogenic advertising in Ukrainian press. The authur predicts the possible consequences of disclosing pathogenic Ukrainian mass media advertising for certain categories of people and for society as a whole. In the article the are depicted examples of public advertising regulations in other countries and the ways of eliminating pathogenic advertising in Ukrainian media.