Historical And Cultural Studies. – 2014. – Vol. 1, No. 1

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Науковий журнал

Historical and Cultural Studies = Історико-культурні студії : [науковий журнал] / Lviv Polytechnic National University ; [editor-in-chief S. Pavlyuk]. – Lviv : Lviv Politechnic Publishing House, 2014. – Volume 1, number 1. – 112 p. : ill.


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    Зміст до "Historical and Cultural Studies" Volume 1, number 1
    (Publishing House of Lviv Polytechnic National University, 2014)
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    Збереження та популяризація історичної пам’яті про діяльність Української армії 1917–1921 рр. (на прикладі військового формування Січових стрільців)
    (Publishing House of Lviv Polytechnic National University, 2014) Хома, І. Я.
    Розкрито формування та збереження пам’яті про військове формування Січових стрільців його ж засновниками та діячами. Зазначено, що фіксування, узагальнення та аналіз інформації про діяльність стрільців розпочалось ще в роки активної збройної боротьби. Загалом у міжвоєнний та повоєнний час над пам’яттю про це військове формування працювало десятки людей, які майже всі належали до цієї сили. This article deals with the formation and preservation of memories about Sich Riflemen military force by its founders and leaders. It is noted that the recording, compilation and analysis of information about activities of riflemen began in the years of active armed warfare. This also concerns the publication of these works. These sources contain enough accurate information about the Sich Riflemen and the events that took place during the Ukrainian National Revolution of 1917–1919. The authors of these papers actually outlined a scheme for further attempts of collecting, recording and analyzing the memories of the Sich Riflemen. In general, during the inter-war and post-war period, over dozens of people processed the memories of this military formation and almost all of them belonged to that force. Special attention is paid to the organization of the extensive research writing – Almanac, led by I. Rudnytskyy. Also the former infantry commanders participated in the work. The further reissues of the Almanac and its amendments are examined. During 1920–1930’s the former riflemen have written dozens of articles that had been published in the “Chervona Kalyna” calendar, “Chervona Kalyna” chronicle, literary and scientific journal and other publications. Most of the works belong to O. Dumin, the member of the Legion of Ukrainian Sich Riflemen and the Sich Riflemen. The collection of one the Sich Riflemen’s leader – Y. Chyzh (1894–1958) serves as a good example of preserving the memories in the documents and materials. On February, 1st 1955 under the will he gave it to Archives Society of Taras Shevchenko’s ownership, which is stored in the National Library in Warsaw. Yе. Konovalets, the commander of the Sich Riflemen, also contributed to the formation of the memories and by recalling his own memories. Obviously this is the most valuable work, but not from the point of facts but in terms of events assessment.
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    Конвенції ЮНЕСКО як базова складова національної системи правового регулювання пам’яткоохоронної діяльності: понятійно-термінологічний аспект
    (Publishing House of Lviv Polytechnic National University, 2014) Уська, У. Р.
    На основі порівняння норм конвенцій ЮНЕСКО, які ратифікувала Україна, та національного законодавства проаналізовано особливості застосування базових понять пам’яткоохоронної сфери у конвенціях ЮНЕСКО та національному законодавстві, здійснено спробу встановити їхню ієрархію, запропоновано способи подолання розбіжностей під час використання існуючого понятійно-термінологічного апарату. On the basis of analysis of conventions of UNESCO and Ukrainian legislation in the article the comparative analysis of features of application of base concepts of maintenance of monuments is carried out in an international law and national legislation, their hierarchy is set, the methods of overcoming of divergences are offered at the use of existent conceptterminological vehicle. In the legislation of Ukraine essence of most concepts and terms is almost identically represented in the field of maintenance of monuments. An unique term “pamiatka”, that has miscellaneous interpretation national legislation, is however used. His use requires an additional scientific ground and concordance in the environment of specialists of maintenance of monuments business. Under a term “pamiatka” the author of the article understands cultural values, as objects of material and spiritual cultural heritage, that have an artistic, historical, ethnographic, scientific and aesthetic value and subject to maintenance, recreation and guard in accordance with legislation. Analyzing the features of application of base concepts of maintenance of monuments absence strikes the eyes in the national legislation of concept “object of non-material cultural heritage”, that does impossible development of mechanism of maintenance, recreation and defense of spiritual culture. Similar is a situation with a concept “values of natural inheritance”, but, having regard to more perfect state of national legislation in the field of maintenance of nature, it is possible to assert that such objects are under cover of the state. Undoubtedly, the Ukrainian legislation in relation to maintenance of cultural values needs sound perfection, that must take place on the basis of cooperation of specialists on maintenance of monuments, legislators, representatives of public authorities and public.
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    Історична пам’ять у контексті філософорелігійних ідей і “музеєзація” буття: методологічні спостереження
    (Publishing House of Lviv Polytechnic National University, 2014) Тіменик, З. І.
    На підставі спадщини українських філософів 30-х років ХІХ – 50-х років ХХ ст. уперше розкрито особливості контактувань складових елементів назви статті під час аналізу ідеї Бога і системи Його наймень у зв’язках з ідеєю істинності й повноти (між)релігійних комунікацій**. Утверджено тезу про неминучу гармонізацію раціонального та ірраціонального, якщо настають сприятливі історичні обставини. У комплексі названих процесів осмислюється “музеєзація” буття. As based on the legacy of Ukrainian philosophers of 1830s–1950s specific features of interaction between aforesaid elements of the title during analysis of the idea of God and the system of His names in relation to the idea of truth and completeness of (inter)religious communications have been discussed for the first time. The system of such interactions results from particular properties of tempo-rhythmical manifestations in (inter)religious communications and interdisciplinary space. Harmony of the complex of processes arises with complementary participation of a number of ratios and models as well as the use of certain principles (gradual perception of a different religious doctrine, integrity, independent development and spiritual changes, unity, invariance etc). A certain harmonization of analytical and synthetic thinking at different stages of historical development of religious systems is affirmed, at least starting from pantheistic beliefs when an act of philosophical and historical cognition was stipulated by an act of faith. Philosophic and religious occurs at the intersection of elements of moral philosophy, metaphysics and “divine dialectics”. Moreover, due to a simultaneous complex manifestation of several processes such an intersection acquires a natural interdependence, interconnection and thus – regularity. The idea of inevitable harmonization of rational and irrational under favourable historical circumstances is implicitly asserted. In such instance the truth and the moral are interconditioned by the native divine state regardless of religious affiliation. The concept “native image of God” has no single interpretation in various contexts, instead the concept of “native and national” becomes an absolute.
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    Археологічні матеріали Ярослава Пастернака у музейних колекціях
    (Publishing House of Lviv Polytechnic National University, 2014) Терський, С. В.; Омельчук, Б. А.
    Проаналізовано історію археологічних знахідок, здобутих дослідженнями відомого українського археолога Ярослава Пастернака, насамперед під час розкопок у княжих столицях Галичі, Звенигороді, Теребовлі, Белзі, Пліснеську. Обґрунтовано висновки про важливу роль цих матеріалів на початковому етапі формування археологічних фондових колекцій великих музеїв Львова. This article analyzes the fate of archaeological findings obtained in research famous Ukrainian archaeologist Jaroslav Pasternak, especially during excavations in the princely capitals of Galicia, Zvenigorod, Terebovlia, Belz, Plisnesk. Scientists do not have time to properly organize and explore gathered during the excavation finds. Full reports on the excavations J. Pasternak been published (perhaps they are part of the collection at Harvard University, USA). The main beneficiaries of the findings of field expeditions J. Pasternak were Ukrainian National Museum in Lviv Museum of Taras Shevchenko Scientific Society. From the first museum J. Pasternak worked since 1913, he was director of another for 1929– 1939 biennium As a teacher of the Theological Academy in Lviv, some of their findings J. Pasternak also kept in the museum of the institution. 1940 most of the archaeological collections of J. Pasternak was in the collections of the Lviv History Museum. Due to large volumes of work with a lot of new replenishment on time were not taken into account, and as a result, lost to science. For example, only in 1942 was accounted most of the collection from the excavations of 1940 Plisnesk (including ceramics). For a bulk sample collection was usual inventory of archaeological finds. Thus, in the main book revenues fell primarily NTSh museum called individual findings – tools, ornaments, etc. Attention is drawn to the almost complete absence of pottery among then finds from excavations Krylos. The majority of the finds of excavations in Krylos J. Pasternak (1934– 1940 years) had been registered only in 1945. This is evident also in case of collections of other attractions Middle Ages studied J. Pasternak – Belz, Zvenigorod, multitude and others. The reason for this could be lack of funds to pay for the required number of workers. Big massive collection of artefacts may cumulatively recorded in the book supporting the museum NTSh. Objects from the collections of J. Pasternak’s 1944 hit list exported to Germany. Substantiated opinion on the important role of these materials in the initial stage of formation of the archaeological collections of major museums stock of the city.