Econtechmod. – 2016. – Vol. 5, No. 2

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Науковий журнал

International quarterly journal on economics in technology, new technologies and modelling processes.

Econtechmod : an international quarterly journal on economics in technology, new technologies and modelling processes. – Lublin ; Rzeszow, 2016. – Volum 5, number 2. – 135 p.

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    Impact of the biomass pyrolysis parameters on the quality of biocarbon obtained from rape straw, rye straw and willow chips
    (Commission of Motorization and Energetics in Agriculture, 2016) Saletnik, B.; Bajcar, M.; Zaguła, G.; Czernicka, M.; Puchalski, C.
    In the article the results of studies conducted regarding the thermal processing of rape straw, rye straw and willow chips applying various parameters of the pyrolysis process are presented. Samples of biomass were subject to thermal processing at various temperatures and process durations, assessing the impact of the applied conditions on physicochemical parameters of the obtained pyrolysis products. The contents of phosphorus, potassium, magnesium, carbon and nitrogen were analysed. The studies have indicated that the pyrolysis process can be used to refine biomass, among others obtained from straw and chips, in the context of using it for fertilization. Modification of the pyrolysis process parameters (temperature, time) significantly impacted the concentration of the analysed macroelements. It has been stated that the highest content of phosphorus, potassium and magnesium in biocarbon (rape straw, rye straw and willow chips) can be obtained performing pyrolysis at the temperature of 5000°C for 10 minutes. A significant impact of the pyrolysis parameters – temperature and time on the total content of macroelements in the obtained biocarbon was observed. The highest contents of phosphorus, potassium and magnesium were observed in the case of biocarbon obtained at the temperature of 5000 °C during 10 minutes, while the temperature of 4000 °C and duration of 10 minutes allowed to obtain the maximum content of carbon and nitrogen.
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    The problem of covering the fields by the circles in the task of optimization of observation points for ground videomonitoring systems of forest fires
    (2016) Komyak, V.; Pankratov, A.; Patsuk, V.; Prikhodko, A.
    The problem of covering the area by circles, mathematical model of the coating offers a new coverage criteria based on which analytically describes the range of permissible solutions of the problem. Based on the analysis of the properties of the model, it is shown that the solution of the problem can be reduced to the solution of problems of nonlinear programming sequence. At the moment, there are systems of video monitoring forest land. An important class of geometric design problems is problems of irregular covering the field by geometric objects, as well as regular. In the problems of covering it is set up a claim that all points of the field were covered by geometric objects, while the conditions of non-intersection of objects between themselves and their placement in the field may be violated. One problem with the design of terrestrial video monitoring systems is to optimize the placement of observation points. optimal placement of towers problem can be formulated as a coating task. An approach to the placement of towers terrestrial video monitoring of forest fires, the main stage of which is set forth search method local extremum in the problem coverage area circles of varying radius. There is build a mathematical model to optimize the placement of variable radius circle and on its basis – the development of methods of solution and proposed an approach to obtaining a local extremum of covering problem.
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    Mineral components analysis of selected dried herbs
    (Commission of Motorization and Energetics in Agriculture, 2016) Zaguła, G.; Fabisiak, A.; Bajcar, M.; Czernicka, M.; Saletnik, B.; Puchalski, C.
    This study includes the content of water, ash and volatiles in dried herbs like Oregano, Basil and de Provance. Moreover, amounts of H, N and C, and their calorific value were measured. The content of the following elements (Al, Ba, Ca, Cr, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, P, S, Sr, Zn) in the tested herbs were established using the ICP-OES method. Basil leaves had the highest nitrogen and ash content at the level 4.5 % and 15,9 %. These herbs were characterized by a darker color as compared to oregano. Basil contained the richest source of Ca, K, Mg and P, while the lowest was found in herbs de Provence. The best source of Ca, K, Mg and P was basil, while their lowest amount was found in herbs de Provence (containing a mixture of different herbs), which mostly likely was the reason for the low amount of macro- and micro-components.
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    Research of influence of calculation precision on the effectiveness of stochastic optimization methods
    (Commission of Motorization and Energetics in Agriculture, 2016) Cegielski, M.; Stakhiv, P.; Kozak, Yu.
    This paper describes the influence of the varying computation precision when performing calculations using the optimizing algorithms. A comparative analysis of the computation speed and obtained result accuracy of the Rastrigin’s direct cone method with adapting of the step length and the angle of the cone's disclosure for varying precision was performed. It is shown that the speed of the optimization algorithm practically does not depend on used computation precision. The difference is observed only in accuracy of the obtained results. The investigation of optimizing algorithms behavior under the presence of noise, in particular due to rounding errors was conducted. It is shown that the optimizing algorithm under research becomes unsuitable after some noise level. Characteristics of the optimization algorithm during calculations with a single precision proved to be better then the characteristics of the algorithm when performing calculations with double precision. The analysis of possibilities of the effective graphics processors (GPU) application in order to conduct optimization was carried out. In particular, the difference in the speed of the GPU when performing calculations with a single and double precision was considered. To ensure the efficiency of calculations based on optimization algorithms, it is recommended to carry out calculations with the use of single precision, and increase the calculation precision in case of impossibility to achieve the desired accuracy of the result. There is considering the significantly higher performance of graphics processors when doing calculations with a single precision in comparison with calculations with double precision it is expedient to use a single calculation precision when graphic processors are used to solve considered problem. Double precision can be used if it is difficult to get sufficiently correct solution by single precision calculations. The results of numerical experiments confirm that the use of lower precision to perform optimization for macromodels creation has a slight influence on the speed of achieving of predetermined optimization accuracy.
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    Specifics personalized approach in the analysis of medical information
    (Commission of Motorization and Energetics in Agriculture, 2016) Melnykova, N.; Marikutsa, U.; Sosnowski, S.
    In this article suggest some new approaches to solving the problems of medical data analysis and their personalization. To accomplish this was proposed to create a decision support system to the execution of sequence stages of analysis of patient's data. The main stages of development and design of decision support systems that enable to make decomposition of control process and describe the relationship between input and output control flows. Applying the theory of decision trees during construction of decision trees of decision support system is due to the formation of a sequence of questions asked by the doctor when searching an individual approach when choosing a treatment. Decision tree creates a hierarchical structure of rules. This approach allows you to present the logic of sequence issues by doctor in solving the medical problem history and it makes possible to simulate decision making process by physician when selecting treatment scheme. Search the target value of output of decision medical support system makes it possible to select top of graph system that is located with more probability on the best way to the target. Important step in addressing the process of personalizing treatment schemes is estimated function that is based on Bayes theorem. Weight of occurrence next event corresponds to the highest value of the posterior probability of occurrence of the next state, given the time-dependent input parameters. Proposed improved method of decision-making for personalization standard schemes by modifying the method of decision-making based on decision trees considering relationship between the input parameters and evaluation function and result of its works is a personalized therapeutic scheme of treatment. It analyzed the quantitative results of applying the proposed method and existing for determining personalized schemes.
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    Automation of determining the range of values for MEMS resistive parameters
    (Commission of Motorization and Energetics in Agriculture, 2016) Teslyuk, Vasyl; Beregovska, Khrystyna; Pukach, Andrii; Ivantsiv, Roman-Andriy
    This paper is devoted to the development of automating methods of the ranges determination process of the resistance values measurements for the investigated MEMS resistive parameters (strain gauges, piezoresistors, thermistors, magnetoresistors and photoresistors, etc.), electric resistance of which is changing during functioning of MEMS, in order to improve the accuracy of investigated resistive parameter value determining and optimization of the entire measuring process in general. The developed method for automation of values range determination of the MEMS resistive parameters measurand is based on the designed models and algorithm of automation for the process of an exemplary resistor value determination. A measurand of the investigated MEMS resistive parameter is located in a neighborhood of this exemplary resistor value. The abovementioned method is also based on the developed model and algorithm for automation of the values range determination of the MEMS resistive parameters measurand.
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    Analytical model of foil consumption for cylindrical bale wrapping
    (Commission of Motorization and Energetics in Agriculture, 2016) Stępniewski, A.; Nowak, Ja.; Stankiewicz, A.
    The work presents an algorithm for the calculation of the consumption of stretch foil used to wrap cylindrical bales of fodder in order to isolate the fodder from the air and other external factors. Mechanical properties of the foil, its arbitrary dimensions and any overlapping width of subsequent wrapped foil layers ware taken into account. A simulation program was written that allows to compute the number of foil layers in the bale lateral surface as a function of the width of the foil, the angle of the bale's rotation around its axis and the number of wrappings. The computer program contains graphical module which allows visualization of geometry of the distribution of subsequent foil strips and the arrangement of foil layer in a bale cross-section. The length and surface area of the foil taken from the roll are computed for different variants of the wrapping process. The computational example is presented for two geometrically different ways of wrapping and different initial widths of the foil. Conclusions and suggestions were formulated as a result of the simulation.
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    Informational resources processing intellectual systems with textual commercial content linguistic analysis usage constructional means and tools development
    (Commission of Motorization and Energetics in Agriculture, 2016) Chyrun, L.; Vysotska, V.; Kozak, I.
    The article content lies in solving the important applied scientific problem of the informational resources processing intellectual systems (IRPISes) with textual commercial content linguistic analysis usage creation. The IRPISes functioning mathematical ensuring was developed. The IRPISes construction means and methods will be developed on the basis of created mathematical models. Such systems have the widespread usage, in particular for the forming, managing and maintenance of the expanding content volume in Internet, running e-business, during the online and offline content realization systems, cloud storage and cloud computing. The increase in the content volume causes the proper quality and productivity evaluation of the very content author. The increase in the evaluation criterions allows covering the broader aspect range of any author’s / moderator’s work.
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    Personified information technology to support the tourist with excursion content in DAISY format
    (Commission of Motorization and Energetics in Agriculture, 2016) Pasichnyk, V.; Lozytskyy, O.; Savchuk, V.
    The paper is devoted to a depth analysis of the intellectual processes of dynamic formation of personal audio and video content for mobile information support of a user during his touristic trip. The main goal is to develop methodological approaches that are appropriate to use for designing one of the subsystems of innovative intelligent system “MIAT” (Mobile Information Assistant of Tourists) that will provide formation and processing of audio and video content that is required for individual information technology of user support during realization his excursion. The authors examined the architecture of mobile audio travel guides and algorithmic synchronization tools of their multimedia content components. Travel guidebooks in DAISY format are proposed to use as sources of multimedia content that accompanies the trip or tour. The basic requirements for mobile subsystems of intelligent information systems “MIAT” are formed, so it is responsible for dynamic personalized audio and video support tourists during realization his trip.
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    Basic concepts of evolution in agents calculating and agents system
    (Commission of Motorization and Energetics in Agriculture, 2016) Boyko, N.; Kutyuk, O.
    The basics concepts of evolution in agents calculating are discovered in this work and are showed their directions and applications. Before explaining what is agent and its description, there were given a bit of its history and the difference between agents and programs. Were given basic types of agents on examples and figures. The main task of agents is to require a large number of interactions for which most mathematical modeling methods are unsuitable. Were analyzed agent systems architecture and a description of their main parts. Principles of work with mobile and intelligent agents are considered. Furthermore, were exemplify the reasons and situations of use either intelligent agents or mobile agents. Also, their examples were showed on different examples and figures. Technology and application tools which uses in the process are represented. Analysis of JADE-technology are carried out. On the market today there are analogues of JADE, but most of the systems are relatively new and require many improvements, some are under development prototypes. Also, were given description of main tools and features of JADE. It will help a lot in elaboration of agents. Advantages and disadvantages of using agent approach are showed for creating system of data processing and they show their versatility compared with other systems.
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    Basic concepts of dynamic recurrent neural networks development
    (Commission of Motorization and Energetics in Agriculture, 2016) Boyko, N.; Pobereyko, P.
    In this work formulated relevance, set out an analytical review of existing approaches to the research recurrent neural networks (RNN) and defined precondition appearance a new direction in the field neuroinformatics – reservoir computing. Shows generalized classification neural network (NN) and briefly described main types dynamics and modes RNN. Described topology, structure and features of the model NN with different nonlinear functions and with possible areas of progress. Characterized and systematized well-known learning methods RNN and conducted their classification by categories. Determined the place RNN with unsteady dynamics of other classes RNN. Deals with the main parameters and terminology, which used to describe models RNN. Briefly described practical implementation recurrent neural networks in different areas natural sciences and humanities, and outlines and systematized main deficiencies and the advantages of using different RNN. The systematization of known recurrent neural networks and methods of their study is performed and on this basis the generalized classification of neural networks was proposed.
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    Using the finite element method in the modeling of layered composite delamination
    (Commission of Motorization and Energetics in Agriculture, 2016) Tucki, K.
    The article presents issues associated with an analysis of the process of delamination of fibrous composite using the Finite Element Method. Research encompassed three computer modelling sessions for delamination of the material for three different values of distance between the test force application point and the middle of the laminate. The results, encompassing the force value and displacement, were then compared to identify the correlation between these variables and the distance from the force application point. The model correctness was also verified by comparing the value of forces modelled with the real values, obtained during an experiment. On the basis of the results obtained with regard to the size of the force applied, it was concluded that the numerical model represented well the mathematical model presented by Comanho. The negative result errors were due to the increased sensitivity of the software to the laminate fracture phenomenon, occurring during the experiment. Thanks to good representation of the model, it can be used interchangeably with numerical calculations.
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    Analysis of the costs and cost-efficiency of regeneration of modern fuel injection systems in CI engines
    (Commission of Motorization and Energetics in Agriculture, 2016) Osipowicz, T.
    This paper presents the analysis of costs and cost-efficiency of the repair of modern fuel injection systems in compression-ignition engines. The requirements for modern Diesel engines are low emission of toxic substances into the atmosphere and low fuel consumption. In order to meet the rigorous standards, the Common Rail fuel injection system has been implemented. By increasing fuel injection pressure to 200 MPa and introducing multi-stage dosing, engine designers have improved the process of air-fuel mixture combustion and engine ecological and economic parameters. The price for these changes is an accelerated wear of fuel injection equipment in modern CI engines. Regular fuel filter replacement and periodical cleaning of the systems would minimise the risk of damage. Unfortunately, most users do not comply with vehicle servicing times, and come to car repair shops only when a failure occurs, but then it is too late and the repair costs are high.
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    Development the methods of optimum placement undirected planar objects with piecewise non-linear boundaries in the multiply area
    (Commission of Motorization and Energetics in Agriculture, 2016) Chaplya, Yu.; Sobol, O.
    In this paper the statement of the problem is formulated and the mathematical model of optimization the placement of the undirected planar geometrical objects with piecewise non-linear boundaries in the multiply area is developed. It is shown the geometrical interpretation and derived the estimate of the number of restrictions in the model. On the basis of a mathematical model for finding the global extremum of the objective function was proposed modified method of branches and boundaries. It is also shown the solutions tree that takes into account the problems of optimal placement of undirected planar geometrical object with piecewise non-linear boundaries in the multiply area, and received the complexity of this method. For locally optimal solutions of the problem modified simulated annealing method has been developed. Thus the analytical expressions for the function of energy system were received, the function, that describes the decrease of temperature over time, function that forms a new state of system. The method of formation the new state of the system was investigated in more detail, which is based on a random permutation of numbers the pair of the objects, it is also based on a consistent placement of objects according to reshuffle their numbers and determining the probability of transition to a new state. It is shown the example of determining permissible points of placement the local coordinate system of the specific geometrical object. The conclusion is that to solve practical optimization problems of placement of the undirected planar geometrical objects with piecewise non-linear boundaries in the multiply area should be used the modified simulated annealing method.
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    Generalized formal model of Big Data
    (Commission of Motorization and Energetics in Agriculture, 2016) Shakhovska, N.; Veres, O.; Hirnyak, M.
    This article dwells on the basic characteristic features of the Big Data technologies. It is analyzed the existing definition of the “big data” term. The article proposes and describes the elements of the generalized formal model of big data. It is analyzed the peculiarities of the application of the proposed model components. It is described the fundamental differences between Big Data technology and business analytics. Big Data is supported by the distributed file system Google File System technology, Cassandra, HBase, Lustre and ZFS, by the MapReduce and Hadoop programming constructs and many other solutions. According to the experts, such as McKinsey Institute, the manufacturing, healthcare, trade, administration and control of individual movements undergo the transformations under the influence of the Big Data.
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    Applications of the combinatorial configurations for optimization of technological systems
    (Commission of Motorization and Energetics in Agriculture, 2016) Riznyk, V.
    This paper involves techniques for improving the quality indices of engineering devices or systems with nonuniform structure (e.g. arrays of sonar antenna arrays) with respect to performance reliability, transmission speed, resolving ability, and error protection, using novel designs based on combinatorial configurations such as classic cyclic difference sets and novel vector combinatorial configurations. These design techniques makes it possible to configure systems with fewer elements than at present, while maintaining or improving on the other operating characteristics of the system. Several factors are responsible for distinguish of the objects depending an implicit function of symmetry and non-symmetry interaction subject to the real space dimensionality. Considering the significance of circular symmetric field, while an asymmetric subfields of the field, further a better understanding of the role of geometric structure in the behaviour of system objects is developed. This study, therefore, aims to use the appropriate algebraic results and techniques for improving such quality indices as combinatorial varieties, precision, and resolving ability, using remarkable properties of circular symmetry and non-symmetry mutual penetration as an interconnection cyclic relationships, and interconvertible dimensionality models of optimal distributed systems. Paper contains some examples for the optimization relating to the optimal placement of structural elements in spatially or temporally distributed technological systems, to which these techniques can be applied, including applications to coded design of signals for communications and radar, positioning of elements in an antenna array, and development vector data coding design.
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    Social and communicative engineering as the newest type of engineering
    (Commission of Motorization and Energetics in Agriculture, 2016) Кunanets, N.; Pasichnyk, V.; Fedonyuk, A.
    The authors describe a scientific substantiation of the concept “social and communicative engineering”, outline the object and the purpose of study of a new type of engineering, which is being actively formed and is objectively demanded in today's information society. Social and communicative engineering forms rules of the correct construction of social groups, of the setting of internal relations in them and regulations of the building of relationships with the outside world. The methods of social and communicative engineering are specific techniques used for the designing and the construction of social and communicative technologies and systems, and also scientific, where the leading one is the system analysis. Social and communicative engineering, in the authors’ interpretation, is a set of methods, tools and means which, when is used systematically, allows to design and create the qualitative and effective social and communicative technologies and systems. In other words, social and communicative engineering is the science that investigates the processes of construction, projecting and creation of social and communicative technologies and systems. Social and communicative engineering, as the science that studies the processes of designing and creating of social and communicative systems, is in demand, particularly during the formation of the system of relations between members of different parties and political platforms, ideological beliefs of various communities through the establishing of communications, particularly with the engagement of possibilities of the information spreading through social networks.
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    Analytical review of medical mobile diagnostic systems
    (Commission of Motorization and Energetics in Agriculture, 2016) Kordiyak, D.; Shakhovska, N.
    This article analyzes the mobile medical diagnostic systems and compare them with the proposed HealthTracker system based on smart watch Apple Watch. Before the development of the system HealthTracker, there was conducted a review and analysis of existing similar systems to identify common and distinctive features of the future system. This analysis will improve HealthTracker system, based on the strengths and weaknesses of existing systems and help identify and justify the key benefits and unique system HealthTracker. The main goal is to provide a system HealthTracker convenient way to interact with the patient the doctor based on the vital signs of the patient. Apple Watch is an excellent watch presented in 2014 that has the capacity to collect and compile data on the health of the user and can be used for medical purposes. The main hardware components of the watch for collecting and analyzing health data is a technology Taptic Engine, infrared sensors and pulse. The main software components of the watch, that will be used in the design of the system is the 3 applications, each of which measures a user's vital signs. Integration with smartphone user makes data on the health of a quick and reliable. On the market today there are analogues of the system, but most of the systems are relatively new and require many improvements, some are under development prototypes. In addition, all the above systems require binding to certain equipment that is not always convenient in everyday use. To eliminate all the inconvenience in using existing systems need to create a system that is integrated into smart watches that provide ease of use, and the mechanism storing and analyzing medical data to cloud storage. An important aspect of the study is to analyze the general situation in the market of mobile medical diagnostic systems. Thanks to research the key advantages and disadvantages of the proposed mobile medical analysis system and shows its versatility compared with existing systems on the market.
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    Design of intelligent component of hierarchical control system
    (Commission of Motorization and Energetics in Agriculture, 2016) Tsmots, I.; Medykovskyy, M.; Skorokhoda, A.; Teslyuk, T.
    One of the main tasks of modern hierarchical systems management are integration of technological, organizational and economic management functions and processes. Another important task is creation of unified information space with accurate, complete and current information. Efficient hierarchical systems management requires intelligent processing of large amounts of heterogeneous information. It is appropriate to process information via intelligent components that are built using artificial neural networks. Strategic information about macroenvironments, microenvironments and internal environments are the input data for intelligent components of upper management levels. Intelligent components may solve different tasks which could have features like: large amount of data, data diversity (quantitative, qualitative, text), contradiction and incomplete data, consistency and high intensity of incoming data, high computing amount with dominance of computing operations over logical operations, recursions and regularity of data processing using neural network algorithms, continuous complications of processing algorithms and increasing requirements for results accuracy, possibility to process data in parallel. The method of synchronized spatio-temporal mapping algorithms for intelligent operation component that provides synchronization of data flow intensity with computing intensity (hardware implementation) and takes into account the processor architecture (software implementation) has been designed. It has been proposed to use following principles: conveyor and spatial parallelism in data processing, modularity, specialization, uniformity and regularity of the structure, programmability architecture. during design of intelligent hardware components. Evaluation of structure of intelligence hardware components carried out using test equipment efficiency. Equipment efficiency takes into account number of interface outputs and number of interneuron connections. At the next step it links performance costs of equipment and evaluates elements by device performance. The method for designing of intelligent component management system that uses synchronized spatio-temporal mapping algorithm has been described. Current method takes into account the components, the requirements of the specific application and provides implementation of intelligent components with high efficiency.
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