Derivation of analytical dependencies for determining stiffness parameters of vibration isolators of vibratory machine
Lviv Politechnic Publishing House
Problem statement. While designing vibration isolators, the essential attention should be paid to the safety factors such as the levels of vibration and noise, as well as to the material and the structure of isolators. In major vibratory technological equipment, there are used full-metal vibration isolators, which can be designed in the form of coil (cylindrical, conical, helicospiral) or flat (leaf-type, disc-type) springs. The problems of stress-strain analysis of metal springs used for vibration isolation of various vibratory equipment are of urgent interest among the designers and researcher. The engineering techniques of step-by-step calculation of full-metal vibration isolators of different types of vibratory technological machines are not thoroughly presented in the modern information resources. Purpose. The present paper is aimed at developing and implementing the detailed algorithm of determining the stiffness parameters of the metal coil springs used for vibration isolation of large-scale vibratory machines. Methodology. The investigations are carried out using the basic laws and principles of solid mechanics and theory of vibrations. The calculations were conducted using MathCAD software; the computer simulation of the spring’s stress-strain state was performed using SolidWorks software. Findings (results) and originality (novelty). The improved design of the vibratory conveyer-separator is considered. The engineering technique of calculating the passive vibration isolators of various vibratory equipment designed in the form of metal coil springs is developed. The proposed technique is implemented while designing the vibration isolation system of the vibratory conveyer-separator. The system’s operational characteristics are determined, and the computer simulation of the springs stress-strain state is carried out. Practical value. The proposed design of the vibratory conveyer-separator can be implemented in various industries (machine-building, chemical, pharmaceutical, food-processing, construction, mining, metallurgy, textile industries etc.) for conveying different loose, bulky and piecewise products, and separating them into fractions of different sizes. Scopes of further investigations. While carrying out further investigations, it is necessary to analyse the influence of the proposed design of vibratory conveyer-separator on the foundation during its operation, and to consider the necessary of applying the additional fixation systems.
vibration isolation, operational conditions, oscillations, vibration-absorbing element, coil spring, conveyer-separator, oscillatory system, finite-element method
Lanets O. Derivation of analytical dependencies for determining stiffness parameters of vibration isolators of vibratory machine / Oleksii Lanets, Oleksandr Kachur, Vitaliy Korendiy // Ukrainian Journal of Mechanical Engineering and Materials Science. – Lviv : Lviv Politechnic Publishing House, 2020. – Volume 6, № 3/4. – P. 1–8. – Bibliography: 18 titles.