Влияние образов архитектурного наследия Вавилона на формирование мировой архитектуры

dc.contributor.authorАль-Ода Насир Али, Абдухуссейн
dc.date.accessioned2016-03-03T08:22:40Z
dc.date.available2016-03-03T08:22:40Z
dc.date.issued2016
dc.description.abstractДисертація присвячена виявленню принципів формування архітектурної образності Вавилона як функції його історичної спадщини та розкриттю особливостей генези провідного архітектурного образу Вавилона, що увійшов у світову культуру як образ «Вавилонської вежі». Сформульовані положення про своєрідність автентичної архітектури Іраку як функції його історичного розвитку; виявлені аспекти історичної спадщини як основи його архітектурної образності; виявлені і сформульовані провідні автентичні архітектурні образи Вавилона, їх роль і трансформації в архітектурній образності Європи і світу. Диссертация посвящена выявлению принципов формирования архитектурной образности Вавилона как функции его исторического наследия и раскрытию особенностей генезиса ведущего архитектурного образа Вавилона, вошедшего в мировую культуру как образ «Вавилонской башни». Сформулированы положения о своеобразии аутентичной архитектуры Ирака как функции его исторического развития; выявлены аспекты исторического наследия как основы его архитектурной образности; выявлены и сформулированы ведущие аутентичные архитектурные образы Вавилона, их роль и трансформации в архитектурной образности Европы и мира. Dissertation is dedicated to the identification of principles of the Babylon’s architectural image formation in the meaning of its historical heritage and is also dedicated to the Genesis particularities of Babylon’s leading architectural image uncover, known in world’s culture as “The Tower of Babylon”. The identified principles of the Babylon’s architectural imagery formation in the meaning of its historical heritage are: • the interdependence of irrigation system and the state, caused by landscape and climatical particularities; • the construction process’s particularities (building materials and technologies, structure construction traditions); • repeatedly renovation and rebuilding of the leading structures with interaction of local and related cultures; • mythological traditions and rituals of power’s legitimisation, architecturally expressed; • architectural strength and laconism, which almost “literally” express traditional ideas and impress the spectators; • Sumer-Akkadian culture’s high authority, architecturally fixed as prototype of further interpretation without fundamental distortion. The Genesis particularities of Babylon’s leading architectural image, known in world’s culture as “The Tower of Babylon” are:• the transition from architectural to the verbal image in the late hellenistic period. The overthrow of pagan Babylon (endless luxury and power) as an unacceptable idea for arising christian culture; • revival of the interest to the Babylon’s Tower’s architectural image, and the city of Babylon: the transition from verbal to the architectural image; • the appearance of the numerous free interpretations in the different culture’s demonstrations on the architectural base. Transformation of Babylon’s image and its architectural dominant analysed through gradual change of the attitude to the architectural objects. Babylon is a unique case, when this chain had cyclic continuation: from the cultural image to the architectural image and architectural object (what was the motivation of the architectural research). It is determined, that architectural forms of Babylon’s leading objects during all the periods were saving their traditional architectural features, basic principles of Sumer-Akkadian architecture. The earliest babylon ziggurat’s (stepped brick tower with spiral stepped rise, without interior) specific Sumerian architecture has become significant to the following artists and almost hasn't changed during the centuries. The most important dates of architectural image’s appearance of Etemenanka’s ziggurat was the king’s Hamurapy period, who had rebuilt ziggurat again, and Asargaddon’s and his son’s times. when Etemenanka’s ziggurat was rebuilt in Assyrian and babylonian traditions by Aradach-Cheshu. The construction of last ziggurat’s version was finished in new babylonian period by II Navuchodonosor (605-562 BC). This construction became a confirmation of high Babylon’s status and state’s power of that period. Ziggurat as leading architectural and ideological dominant of the city, despite of numerous rebuilding and changes, has become a linking element, holding a common topic from Sumerian up to Hellenistic period. Thesises about unique authentic Iraq’s architecture has been formulated; aspects of historical heritage has been identified as the base of its architectural imagery; leading authentic Babylon’s architectural images has been formulated and identified, their and transformation in European and world’s architectural imagery. The domination of Babylon’s image and “The Tower of Babylon” determined the borders of cultural space, in which this image works as global cultural space. The research notes that in contemporary cultural space two dipolar architectural images work. The first one is connected with the architectural image, that second one - with is textual interpretation. Babylon is a valuable Iraq’s cultural object, which is also has the world’s importance and need long-lasting research, reconstruction and renovation works. Numerous destractions and reconstructions happened with this valuable monument of world’s culture, which added new features to its architectural appearance, but it always saved its original content. This makes this renovation work’s problem a pertinent in Babylon, transfers it from the regional level to the world’s.uk_UA
dc.identifier.citationАль-Ода Насир Али А. Влияние образов архитектурного наследия Вавилона на формирование мировой архитектуры : диссертация на соискание ученой степени кандидата архитектуры : 18.00.01 – теория архитектуры, реставрации памятников архитектуры / Аль-Ода Насир Али Абдухуссейн ; Министерство образования и науки Украины ; Одесская государственная академия строительства и архитектуры. – Одесса, 2016. – 180 с. – Библиография: с. 170–178 (142 названия).uk_UA
dc.identifier.urihttps://ena.lpnu.ua/handle/ntb/31542
dc.language.isoruuk_UA
dc.publisherОдесская государственная академия строительства и архитектурыuk_UA
dc.source.urihttp://www.lp.edu.ua/node/9491
dc.subjectобразuk_UA
dc.subjectВавилонuk_UA
dc.subjectархітектурно-просторове середовищеuk_UA
dc.subjectкомпозиціяuk_UA
dc.subjectтрадиціїuk_UA
dc.subjectкультураuk_UA
dc.subjectісторична спадщинаuk_UA
dc.subjectобразuk_UA
dc.subjectВавилонuk_UA
dc.subjectархитектурно-пространственная средаuk_UA
dc.subjectкомпозицияuk_UA
dc.subjectтрадицииuk_UA
dc.subjectкультураuk_UA
dc.subjectисторическое наследиеuk_UA
dc.subjectimageuk_UA
dc.subjectBabylonuk_UA
dc.subjectarchitectural and spatial environmentuk_UA
dc.subjectcompositionuk_UA
dc.subjecttraditionsuk_UA
dc.subjectcultureuk_UA
dc.subjecthistorical heritageuk_UA
dc.titleВлияние образов архитектурного наследия Вавилона на формирование мировой архитектурыuk_UA
dc.title.alternativeВплив образів архітектурної спадщини Вавилона на формування світової архітектуриuk_UA
dc.title.alternativeInfluence of an images of the architectural heritage of Babylon on the formation of world architectureuk_UA
dc.typeAutoreferatuk_UA

Files

Original bundle
Now showing 1 - 4 of 4
No Thumbnail Available
Name:
avt_Al-Oda Nasseer Ali Abdulhussein.pdf
Size:
1.63 MB
Format:
Adobe Portable Document Format
Description:
Автореферат дисертації
No Thumbnail Available
Name:
АЛЬ-ОДА НАСІР АЛІ.pdf
Size:
12.39 MB
Format:
Adobe Portable Document Format
Description:
Дисертаційна робота
No Thumbnail Available
Name:
vidguk.pdf
Size:
2.73 MB
Format:
Adobe Portable Document Format
Description:
Відгук офіційного опонента
No Thumbnail Available
Name:
vid_op_1_Al-Oda Nasseer Ali Abdulhussein_zm.pdf
Size:
1.1 MB
Format:
Adobe Portable Document Format
Description:
Відгук офіційного опонента
License bundle
Now showing 1 - 1 of 1
No Thumbnail Available
Name:
license.txt
Size:
1.71 KB
Format:
Item-specific license agreed upon to submission
Description: